Mothra is a kaiju, a type of fictional monster who first appeared in the novel The Luminous Fairies and Mothra by Takehiko Fukunaga. Since her film début in the 1961 film Mothra, she has appeared in several Toho tokusatsu films.
Generally regarded as female by English-speaking audiences, she is a giant lepidopteran with characteristics both of butterflies and of moths. The name "Mothra" is the suffixation of "-ra" (a common last syllable in kaiju names, viz. Hedo-rah, Ghido-rah, Ebi-rah, Godzi-rah) to "moth"; since the Japanese language does not have dental fricatives, it is approximated "Mosura" in Japanese. In the American dubbing of Mothra vs. Godzilla, Mothra is also referred to as the Thing. She is occasionally an ally to Godzilla but more often than not engages in conflict with the King of Monsters due to his anger toward the human race.
Since her first film, Mothra has been depicted in various stages of the lepidopteran life cycle: Mothra's mammoth egg is decoratively colored in blue and yellow waves. The egg hatches into her larva, a massive brown, segmented caterpillar (resembling a silkworm) with glowing blue—red when angry—eyes. In rare circumstances, twins may emerge from the egg. The caterpillar eventually spins a silken cocoon around itself (the pupa stage), and from this cocoon the imago (adult) Mothra emerges, a gigantic moth-like creature with brightly-colored wings. Mothra's life cycle—particularly the tendency of an imago's death to coincide with its larvae hatching—echoes that of the Phoenix, resembling resurrection and suggesting divinity. Despite having wrought destruction worthy of any Toho daikaiju, she is almost always portrayed as a kind and benevolent creature, causing destruction only when acting as protector to her worshipers on Infant Island or to her egg, or as collateral damage while protecting Earth from a greater threat. She has also fertilized her own eggs.
Mothra has proven a formidable adversary in combat: in larval form she may use her silken spray to wrap and immobilize an opponent, and has a knack for biting and clinging to foes' tails. In imago form her powers vary widely from film to film, including very animalistic scratching and dragging, incorporating several bolt and beam weapons in the Heisei era, and often concluding with a poisonous yellow powder (or "scales") —her last defense.
Mothra is one of the most powerful psychics in the Toho universe. She has had the ability to use this power benevolently, to communicate with humans, or defensively, to destroy her enemies. As suggested earlier, Mothra is assumed to be divine and draws many parallels to the Phoenix, which makes her one of the more powerful kaiju of the Toho universe.
Mothra has become one of Godzilla's more challenging opponents, having achieved the greatest success rate in battle save Godzilla himself: She has once rid of Godzilla in imago form, and twice Godzilla has fought her to the death only later to be bested by her newborn larvae. It should be mentioned that Mothra has never beaten Godzilla alone (in her Imago Form). The only close to draw by an insect(s), but still won by Godzilla were the Mothra twin-larvae in Mothra vs Godzilla in the Showa Era, Imago Mothra and Imago Battra in Godzilla and Mothra: The Battle for Earth in the Heisei series, and the twin-larvae and Kiryu (MechaGodzilla) in the Millennium Series.Mothra is the only kaiju other than Godzilla, Junior, and Mecha-King Ghidorah to appear in more than one Heisei Godzilla movie as she appears in Godzilla vs SpaceGodzilla when she sends her Cosmos and Fairy Mothras to help out Miki.
In the Heisei Era (1984-1995), Mothra gained her own series of films dubbed in America as the Rebirth of Mothra series (Rebirth of Mothra, Rebirth of Mothra II, and Rebirth of Mothra III). In Japan, the series is simply called the "Mothra Series"(Mothra, Mothra 2: Adventure Under the Sea, and Mothra 3: Attack of Grand King Ghidorah). These series are not connected to the Showa, Heisei or Shinsei Godzilla movies and are standalone films. The movies start off as the last Mothra puts the last of her energy into a new egg. From this egg hatches Mothra Leo.
Mothra Leo is supposedly, and regarded as, male, as opposed to the pure female Mothras before (though the English dubbing is inconsistent, going back and forth between "she/her" to "he/him", even "it", and therefore its gender is left ambiguous). It also has "ever-increasing energy" which allows it to absorb energy from other sources to become stronger. The 10,000 year-old tree in Rebirth of Mothra allowed Mothra Leo to change into its imago form as "Mothra Leo", thought to be the most powerful Mothra of all time. Mothra Leo gains several forms throughout the Rebirth trilogy, such as Rainbow Mothra, Aqua Mothra, Light Speed Mothra, Armor Mothra, and Eternal Mothra.
In this series Mothra battled three opponents: Death Ghidorah, a flora-destroying horned beast with three heads; Dagahra, a toxic dragon-like sea creature; and finally Cretaceous King Ghidorah/Grand King Ghidorah, who comes back to Earth to feed of the life force of Japan's children.
In Godzilla Final Wars, Mothra once protected the world in ancient times from the space monster Gigan (this scenario echoes from the Heisei series of Godzilla films where Mothra was portrayed as an ancient defender of the earth and battle Battra, there are also similar cave-drawings of these two events). After being summoned by her Shobijin to help the Earth in a 21st century assault, Mothra flew over Tokyo to aid Godzilla in a battle against Monster X. The Xilien wouldn't let that happen, though, and they sent an improved Gigan to stop Mothra. Mothra is quickly dispatched by Gigan. Mothra quickly recovers and attacks Gigan and Monster X. Gigan resumes his battle with Mothra, using its laser vision beam, turning Mothra to a wall of fire. At a final effort, a burning Mothra flies towards Gigan, and both kaiju are destroyed in a bomb attack by the lepidopteran deity. Mothra does survive and returns to Infant Island at the ending credits. This is the first time imago Mothra returns home directly after a battle involving Godzilla in some way shape or form, excluding her brief appearances in Godzilla vs. the Sea Monster.
Unlike the majority of other Toho daikaiju, which are usually performed by stunt actors in a large costume, Mothra has always been operated mechanically as a wire controlled marionette, remote controlled robotic prop, or a combination of the two. Her characteristic chirp was created by speeding up the roar of Anguirus from Godzilla Raids Again. Mothra is known for her habit of dying somehow in many of the movies she has appeared in.
Toho had intended to follow 1989's Godzilla vs. Biollante with a revival of Mothra in her own spin-off film, Mothra vs. Bagan, for 1990 release. However, following the unimpressive box office performance of Biollante, Toho discarded the project in favor of another Godzilla film, Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah (1991). A 1992 survey revealed that Mothra was Toho's most popular daikaiju among women, an observation which inspired Toho to again revise its plans, abandoning a proposed sequel to King Ghidorah in favor of a Godzilla/Mothra feature. Following the end of the Heisei Godzilla series, Toho produced a trilogy of Mothra films, known in the U.S. as Rebirth of Mothra (1996–1998). Mothra thus became the first Toho daikaiju to lead its own film(s) after its incorporation into the Godzilla franchise.
As a larva, Mothra's sprays her opponents with a stream of silk as a ranged attack (to entrap or disorient an enemy). She also uses her mandibles for a close combat bite. (Mothra has a habit of biting opponents' tails, although it is rarely effective and, predictably, is usually self-defeating.) As an adult, her wings can (and generally do) create gales which tear apart buildings and send other kaiju flying. Her great bulk of a body is commonly used to her advantage in battle to slam into opponents (both in larva and adult form), and her surprising levels of strength can help her to drag and even lift monsters like Godzilla. Her final strategy is to emit "scales", a yellow poisonous powder that can hopefully asphyxiate an enemy. She only uses that attack when she knows she is going to die, though, because the extreme loss of scales will cause her to lose her flight.
The Heisei version of Mothra had some differences. She could now fire a beam of energy from her antennae, and fire arcs of lightning from her wings, or keep it in her body to release to another through touch. The powder now had a different effect; It would act as a 3-D mirror to trap energy blasts, making them rebound over whatever was inside the cloud of powder over and over again. This proved very effective in turning Godzilla's own atomic breath against him. Ironically, Godzilla's Nuclear Pulse wasn't reflected by her mirror and she was thrown back, possibly because her mirror can't reflect energy attacks if it is able to pass around her mirror.
In the Mothra Trilogy, Mothra displayed a wide use of energy-projection abilities; ranging from triple prismatic beams from her forehead, to energized takles, to her sun strike buster, a very potent attack that comes from the sky like a sacred lightning bolt. Leo Mothra, her offspring and successor, shared her energy powers and also possessed the ability to gain alternate forms as a means of adapting to his opponent's fighting styles.
In GMK Mothra was able to shoot poison darts from her abdomen but she lacked both her hurricane force winds and her poison powder. In both Tokyo SOS and Final Wars, Mothra's powder was able to redirect both energy and physical projectiles back to their original senders.
Mothra's Fairies (Shobijin, Cosmos, and Elias) Edit
Mothra is usually accompanied by two tiny priestesses or fairies (often called shobijin—Japanese for "small beauties") who also speak for her. For Mothra's first three film appearances these twin fairies were played by the Peanuts. In Mothra they demonstrate telepathic ability, within speaking range with people and over great distances with Mothra. They explain that while they call to Mothra in prayer and song, they and Mothra are also connected on some deeper level beyond their control, and it is this connection that impels Mothra to find them no matter where they are. These qualities are part of the continuity of all subsequent Mothra appearances. In Mothra vs. Godzilla the Shobijin also demonstrate teleportation, when trying to escape from Kumayama and Torahata. In Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster the girls translate not only Mothra's chirps but an entire conversation among three daikaiju. Decades later, in Godzilla: Tokyo SOS, two other shobijin (portrayed by Masami Nagasawa and Chihiro Ôtsuka) demonstrate telekenesis as well.
In the Godzilla films of the 1990s Mothra's priestesses (played by Keiko Imamura and Sayaka Osawa) identify themselves as Earth's Cosmos, who claim to have been created by the very life force of Earth, along with Mothra and Battra—a "Black Mothra" (as described in Godzilla vs. Mothra) or "Battle Mothra" (as described in the Super Godzilla video game manual). The Cosmos speak not only for Battra and Mothra, but for the living Earth as well. The Cosmos say that Battra was first created by the Earth to balance the ecosystem, which was disrupted by the climate-altering device of an advanced civilization, 12,000 years ago. However, Battra proved to be a little too enthusiastic about its task, and not only destroyed the things of man, but of the natural order as well. The first Mothra was then created to restore the true balance, and stop Battra's rampage. The Cosmos revere both Mothra and Battra as two different divine forces of nature. They act concerned when Battra is injured, and are pleased when Mothra finds a nonviolent method of stopping Battra, "making friends", as they say in the film. They know when Battra has awoken, and what his tasks and motivations are, but Battra does not appear motivated to seek them out, unlike Mothra, who seems compelled to protect them, and talks to them directly.
In the Rebirth of Mothra trilogy, made in the late 1990s, Mothra's priestesses were the Elias; the Elias differ from earlier incarnations in that they are not mindlinked twins but individual persons, Moll (or Moru or Mona) and Lora. They are also seen to have an older sister, a dark Elias called Belvera. In addition to accompanying Mothra, the Elias would also ride smaller offspring called Fairy Mothras. Mothra would reprise the role of ancient guardian, though with only a passing homage to the Cosmos, in Godzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack.
Mothra's Songs Edit
The fairies' famous song "Mosura No Uta" ("Mothra's Song") was written in Malay, though the shobijin often sing Japanese approximations to the original lyrics. Other verses and entirely new songs (in Japanese) have been added by various composers over Mothra's film history. The shobijin have also been portrayed by Pair Bambi (Godzilla vs. the Sea Monster) and Megumi Kobayashi and Sayako Yamaguchi (the Mothra Trilogy).
The original song went, as follows (in Malay, English, and literal Malay translation)
- Mosura ya Mosura
- Mothra O Mothra
- Dongan kasakuyan Indo muu (Dengan kesaktian Indukmu)
- If we were to call for help
- With your mother's might
- Rusuto uiraadoa (Restuilah doa)
- Over time
- Answer our prayer
- Hanba hanbamuyan (Hamba hambamu yang)
- Over sea
- Your servants
- Randa banunradan Tounjukanraa ((Ter)landa bangunlah dan Tunjukkanlah)
- Like a wave you'd come
- Overcome, rise and show
- Kasaku yaanmu (Kesaktianmu)
- Our guardian angel!
- Your Power!!
Note: 'Hanba hanbamuyan randa'/'Hamba hambamu yang (ter)landa' actually is one sentence, literally means Your overcome servants. The English translation used was actually from Japanese lyrics.
There are many other Mothra songs that have been used over the years all the way from the Showa series to the Millennium series:
"Mahara Mothra" (Mothra vs. Godzilla (1964), Godzilla and Mothra: The Battle for Earth (1992) "Sacred Springs" (Mothra vs. Godzilla (1964), Godzilla and Mothra: The Battle for Earth (1992) "Mothra's Song (Ebirah, Horror of the Deep (1966) "The Song of Prayer" (Rebirth of Mothra (1996) "Mothraleo" (Rebirth of Mothra (1996) "Haora Mothra" (Rebirth of Mothra 3 (1998) Less enthralled but still flying, "The Trouble With Those Mothra Girls" by surf band Daikaiju.
Mothra's character and personality Edit
Mothra's character/personality has developed exponentially over the years. For instance, when she appeared in her first movie, she only protected her own people on Infant Island and did not care for the entire world like the later Heisei and Rebirth versions did. In the Heisei Era, Mothra became the environmental savior as well as the human savior of the Earth—which means that she was the guardian of the planet as stated by the Cosmos in Godzilla and Mothra: The Battle for Earth. Note that Mothra, like the other 'Guardian Monsters', has no particular concern for humanity—she is the caretaker of the planet, and humans who get in her way can expect no sympathy. In the Shinsei series though, Mothra reverted back to her original self as she was in the Showa series. Mothra is an unusual kaiju (in the Toho universe—Gamera, of course, fulfills this role in his own long-running series) in that she battles on behalf of the betterment of the Earth, and for years has continued to establish that pureness of heart in her character. In the trilogy, Mothra even sacrificed her own life for the sake of other guardian monsters.
- Mothra (1961)
- Mothra vs. Godzilla (1964)
- Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster (1964)
- Godzilla vs. the Sea Monster (1966)
- Destroy All Monsters (1968)
- Godzilla vs. Gigan (1972) (stock footage)
- Godzilla vs. Mothra (1992)
- Monster Planet Of Godzilla (1994)
- Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzilla (1994) (also as "Fairy Mothra")
- Rebirth of Mothra (1996) (also as "Mothra Leo")
- Godzilla Island (1997)
- Rebirth of Mothra II (1997) (as "Mothra Leo", "Rainbow Mothra", and "Aqua Mothra")
- Rebirth of Mothra III (1998) (as "Rainbow Mothra", "Aqua Mothra", "Light Speed Mothra", "Armor Mothra", and "Eternal Mothra")
- Godzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack (2001)
- Godzilla Against Mechagodzilla (2002) (stock footage)
- Godzilla: Tokyo SOS (2003)
- Godzilla: Final Wars (2004)
Video games Edit
- Mothra appeared as a playable character in the NES game Godzilla: Monster of Monsters.
- Mothra appeared as a summonable monster in Godzilla: Destroy All Monsters Melee. A Mothra-shaped icon, when picked up, calls in a "Mothra Air Strike", where she flies around the arena firing her antennae beams at all monsters besides the one who got the item. She does little damage with each attack, but it builds up. Mothra can be chased off if hit with a beam weapon, but this is difficult to do.
- Mothra became playable in the sequel, Godzilla: Save the Earth. Players start as Larval Mothra, who is slow and has high defense and moderate attack. Larval Mothra can use her Silk Shot to immobilize foes, and can spear with her tail and roll around the arena to attack. Pressing R2 and L2 (Or R and L, depending on the version.) at the same time causes her to metamorphose into Adult Mothra. Trading speed for defense and attack for weapons, Mothra relies on long-range assaults and good strategy. She can reflect most beam weapons away from her, and stun opponents when getting up or with a greenish mist. Mothra is unique in that she does not enter Rage Mode, instead she treats the Rage power-up as a Health and Energy Recover.
- In Godzilla: Unleashed, Mothra is a member of the "Earth Defenders" faction, and an enemy of any monster seeking to gain power for itself from the crystals. She can be bought in the store for 10,000 store points.
- Mothra appears and is playable in Godzilla Unleashed: Double Smash.
- In the video-game series "Disgaea", Mothra is a playable monster.
Mothra's popularity has led to use of the image or name across many expressions of popular culture, including cartoons, music and computer games. These depictions range from passing references to what are effectively reappearances by the original character.
- In the South Park episode Mecha-Streisand, a parody of both Barbara Streisand and Kaiju films, Robert Smith of The Cure is able to transform into a Mothra-like creature, and defeats Barba Streisand in a form much like Mechagodzilla.
- In the 2008 Futurama TV movie The Beast with a Billion Backs, Leela attempts to fend of the titular Beast with a large cannon that fires diamond-like projectiles. When this proves to be ineffective, she ruefully notes that the projectiles "bounce off it's hide like meatballs off mothra!".
- Mothra made at least two cameo appearances in The Simpsons: in Lisa on Ice (Lisa's vision of "Monster Island") and at the end of 30 Minutes Over Tokyo, alongside Godzilla, Rodan and Gamera.
- A giant moth monster named "Mothula" (an alternate transliteration of Mothra) is a recurring boss in The Legend of Zelda series.
- Also, in the movie "Bio-Dome", When Pauly Shore's and Stephen Baldwin's characters put their hands on their necks they start chanting "Mothra, save us Mothra, you're our only hope Mothra!!".
- The video game for Super Nintendo and Sega Genesis Bart's Nightmare, on the green door level, Marge Simpson is portrayed as Momthra, whereas Bart is Bartzilla, and Homer is Homer-Kong.
- A Madtv sketch featured Bobby Lee playing a senile old woman who repeatedly screams "Mothra!", complete with dramatic closeup, with nothing ever being there.
- On episode 379 of "The Colbert Report", Mothra was referenced when Stephen Colbert said that "Hillary Clinton was the only monster which could defeat Mothra." however, in the accompanying picture, it shows Rodan instead of Mothra.
- For some time after the publication of Gravity's Rainbow, Thomas Pynchon was rumored to be working on a novel about Mothra.
- American alternative metal band Atomship have a song called "Mothra" on their The Crash Of '47 album.
- Classic Canadian metal band Anvil did a song called "Mothra" on their Metal On Metal album.
- Indie-Rock band We Are Scientists released a song called "Mothra Vs. We Are Scientists" on their debut album Safety Fun and Learning (in that Order).
- In an episode of the anime of Love Hina, during Motoko's dream about a video game, the method in which the 'Legendary Hot Springs Turtle' is summoned is similar to the way in which Mothra is summoned.
- In the Pokémon movie Giratina to Sora no Hanataba: Sheimi, Giratina's roar is the same as Mothra's.
- During the seventh season of The Golden Girls, Sophia misheard Dorothy and thought she said, "I'm Mothra, giant radioactive insect, rhee-rhee-rhee!"
- Mosugaba, a guest character in an episode of Kirby: Right Back at Ya!, is a reference to Mothra. Interestingly, his episode is also based on the movie, where he, like Mothra, goes to save two friends of his from King Dedede after they are kidnapped by Nightmare and delivered by him to the king.
- Mothmacin, a guest character who appears briefly in an episode of Sonic X, looks strikingly like Mothra.
- British industrial band Godflesh had a song entitled "Mothra" on their 1992 album Pure.
- Secret Message of "Mothra" (Mosura) (multilingual trivia and links)
- Mothra's Shrine
- Mothra's Domain
- Mothra's wikizilla page
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