You gotta do what you can to protect your family. I learned that from my father.—Connor, Origin (Angel episode)
Connor is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and Tim Minear for the television series Angel. The character is portrayed as an infant by the triplets Connor, Jake, and Trenton Tupen and as a teenager by Vincent Kartheiser. Connor has a recurring role in season three, becomes a regular in season four, and has his last television appearance in the series finale as a guest star. He continues his story in the canonical comic book series Angel: After the Fall.
Within the series, Connor is the superhuman son of the title character Angel, who is a vampire. Introduced in the third season as a newborn, Connor is kidnapped and taken to a hell dimension in an act of revenge against his father. He returns as a battle-hardened, disturbed teenager who has been raised to hate Angel. His consequent violent and estranged relationship with his father and increasing internal conflict making him shift alliances between protagonists and antagonists forms the storyline for his character. Towards the end of season four, events take their toll on Connor's sanity, and his memories are rewritten to give him a normal life. The next time he appears in season five, Connor is a well-adjusted person. At the return of his memories, Connor finally reconciles with Angel in the series finale. The comic book series follows Connor accepting his abilities and role of a hero in addition of maintaining a normal life as a college student.
Created to give Angel an "emotional" connection, the infant Connor was used to develop other characters. After he grows up, he initially becomes a tragic figure and foil for the protagonists before eventually evolving to a protagonist himself. Connor has received attention in academic texts related to family studies and masculinity in fiction. The character proved to be controversial among fans, while critics have given mixed views.
Connor was born in November 2001 in Los Angeles, California. He was a "miracle" child; a superhuman born of two vampires, Angel and Darla. His existence was brought on by his father enduring trials to win a new life for his mother who was, at the time, dying. Unfortunately, it was for naught as Darla had already gotten a second chance at life, though thanks to a night of passion the two vampires shared together, Angel's prize did not go to waste. Darla, unable to physically give birth, killed herself to save Connor. Darla drove a wooden stake through her own heart to leave the newborn Connor more or less unscathed. For the first few months of his life, Connor became a part of the Angel Investigations family, jointly raised by the entire group at the Hyperion Hotel. At the hospital where he was brought after birth, he was officially registered as "Connor Angel," as his father was given the alias "Geraldo Angel." However, being the "miracle child" sired by two vampires, Angel Investigations speculated that the Order of Phillius, Beltar the Cremator, Frank, Piper Beast, and the Scourge were potential threats against the baby.
Connor was prophesied to destroy the time-shifting demon lord, Sahjhan. In an effort to negate the prophecy and save his own life, Sahjhan traveled back and forth through time and rewrote the prophecy to read "The father will kill the son," in reference to Angel and Connor. Shocked and worried for the baby's safety, with his concerns ever growing when Angel grew increasingly violent when Lilah Morgan spiked Angel's food with Connor's blood, Wesley Wyndam-Pryce kidnapped the baby and planned on taking him away from Angel permanently. However, before Wesley had the chance to leave Los Angeles, Daniel Holtz ordered his follower, Justine Cooper, to slit Wesley's throat and take Connor as vengeance for Angel's murder of his own family centuries earlier. It was Holtz's intent to raise Connor as his own son, renaming him Steven Franklin Thomas Holtz. However, several factions wanted the baby Connor for different reasons, ultimately resulting in nearly no one getting what they really wanted. The lawyers at Wolfram & Hart wanted the miracle baby to dissect and analyze it, Sahjhan wanted the baby killed, Holtz wanted to escape and raise the baby as his own, and Angel just wanted his son returned. In an intense power play, Holtz ran into a portal to the hell dimension called Quor Toth, opened by Sahjhan, with baby Connor in his arms.
Quor-Toth and HoltzEdit
Couple of weeks ago he was wearing diapers. Now he's a teenager?—Gunn, A New World
Since time ran more quickly in Quor'Toth, Connor aged at an accelerated rate in relation to the time on Earth. He was forced to constantly fight for his life in the violent, demonic dimension. Holtz raised Connor as his son, Steven, trained him to fight and hunt vampires, and told him tales about Angelus, Angel's soulless vampiric persona - especially what Angelus did to Holtz's family, as well as a slightly biased version of what Angel had become since regaining his soul. This effectively turned Connor against his true father and Connor grew to despise him. Though Holtz's full training regimen is unknown, one such session involved Holtz tying Connor to a tree and then running away, leaving Connor to free himself and track Holtz down in the wilderness of Quor'toth; while looking back on those days, Connor proudly remarked to Angel that once, it "only took [him] five days" to find him.
Mere days after his disappearance from Los Angeles, Connor, called "The Destroyer" by beings in Quor'Toth, suddenly returned as an eighteen year old. He punched a rift out of the dimension and was transported into the lobby of the Hyperion Hotel with one goal: to kill Angel. Conflict and confusion were abundant as Connor adjusted to life in Los Angeles and he was further manipulated by Holtz, who had followed him back into this reality. Eventually, under his own plan, Holtz was killed by his loyal follower, Justine, in a manner that framed Angel for the action. Enraged, Connor, with help from Justine, sealed Angel in a metal box and sunk him to the bottom of the ocean, where he could survive indefinitely due to his vampiric nature.
Afterward, Connor seemingly joined Angel Investigations, who, at that point, consisted of Charles Gunn and Winifred Burkle, who acted as his guardians. During that time, their primary mission was searching for clues around the disappearance of both Angel and Cordelia Chase, though Connor went out of his way to ensure that Angel's whereabouts remained hidden from them, even going so far as to kill the only witness to his deed. When the truth was revealed, Gunn and Fred attacked him, and Fred went so far as to torture him with a stun gun and accuse him of disposing of Cordelia as well, though the returned Angel deduced that Connor was not responsible for Cordelia's disappearance. Proceeding this, relations between Angel and Connor were quite shaky, yet slowly improved. Connor even started to call Angel "Dad." Due to his difficult upbringing, Connor found it difficult to develop emotional attachments to people, yet, once she returned, he forms a close bond with anmesiac Cordelia.
When a seemingly all-powerful demon known as The Beast rose from the ground in the very same place that he had been born, Connor felt responsible. As fire rained from the sky, Connor sought solace in Cordelia's arms. Unknown to him, and to everyone else, was the fact that Cordelia was under the control of a powerful cosmic entity who sought dominion over the human race, and who had been orchestrating events for years in order to be fully brought forth into the world. Connor's night of passion with Cordelia had serious repercussions as it allowed the arrival of this very being, later named "Jasmine." Connor's very existence was orchestrated in order for this event to occur. Thanks to using Cordelia's body to have sex with Connor, she became pregnant and told Connor that his new family was special.
Later, when they were forced to break Angel's curse in order to destroy the Beast, Connor openly supported killing Angelus rather than attempting to re-ensoul him, and even attempted to stake an unconscious Angelus on the orders of "Cordelia" while Willow Rosenberg was attempting to re-ensoul him once more, though he was stopped by Slayer Faith Lehane long enough for Willow to do so. Once Cordelia was exposed as the one responsible for the terrible things that had been going on, she and Connor went on the run, Cordelia having convinced Connor that Angel and his team were trying to murder their child because they didn't understand it. When Cordelia asked Connor to murder an innocent girl so her blood could anoint their child, the Powers That Be sent Darla to stop him. Though he was initially skeptical, Darla nearly got through to Connor before Cordelia arrived and shunned his mother's presence as nothing more than a magic trick. Connor told Darla that she was not really his mother and proceeded to allow the innocent girl to be sacrificed, allowing Cordelia to give birth to Jasmine.
I know she's a lie. Jasmine. My whole life's been built on them. I just... I guess I thought this one was better than the others.—Connor, Peace Out
Unfortunately, while everyone basked in the glory of Jasmine, who caused immense joy and peace for whomever was in her presence, Connor did not feel the same inner peace and was left with untold loneliness and isolation, going along with the 'lie' of Jasmine simply because he did not know what else to do, feeling as though his entire life had been based on lies and merely hoping that the lie of Jasmine was better than the others. Struggling with his inner demons and weary from the constant fighting, both for and against Angel, all he wanted was to rest. This ultimately lead him into a desperate situation where he was willing to hurt not only himself, but others as well.
When Angel broke Jasmine's hold over Los Angeles by revealing her true name to them in a live broadcast, Connor killed her himself and then, an emotional wreck, attempted to kill the comatose Cordelia and himself by wiring them and a shop full of innocents to explosives. In a final act of love, Angel agreed to take over the Los Angeles branch of Wolfram & Hart in exchange for his son's life. As per the agreement, Connor was to have a whole new existence as an ordinary boy raised by a happy family, with no memory of his kidnapping, his childhood in Quor-Toth with Holtz, and the subsequent year after his return. Connor died at Angel's own hand so that he could be "reborn" into his new life, technically fulfilling the once-false prophecy that "the father will kill the son." Other than Angel, and some special cases like Cordelia and Eve, everyone's memories were rewritten to accommodate this new reality.
In his new reality, Connor became Connor Reilly, the son of Laurence and Colleen Reilly, with new, normal memories of a traditional life, with his most traumatic memory being getting lost in a store when he was five. However, he was destined to cross Angel's path again. A few months after Angel took over Wolfram & Hart, Laurence and Colleen brought Connor to the office in order to get some answers about their son. Connor had been hit by a van, but suffered no injuries. Angel sent the family away, saying that there was nothing that he could do for their situation. Soon after, Connor's family was attacked by demons, and in the struggle, Connor displayed an amazing feat of strength, much to everyone's surprise. Having no other choice, Angel informed Connor of his special abilities, but left out the fact that he was his father or the source of his powers. However, the attacks were not random occurrences. Cyvus Vail, an elderly demonic sorcerer and the architect of Connor's new life, drew Connor out on purpose. Vail demanded that Connor fulfill his destiny and kill Sahjhan, who Vail considered an enemy. When Angel resisted, Vail threatened to return Connor's memories. Connor agreed to the fight, but was outmatched since his formidable fighting skills had been erased. Meanwhile, Wesley discovered Angel's deception thanks to Illyria's revelation that Fred's memories had been altered, and confronts him at Vail's. No longer trusting Angel, and wondering if 'restoring' reality would bring Fred back, he shattered the Orlon Window, a magical artifact holding the memories of Connor's original existence, which upon breaking, restored the memories of those present when the window broke, thus allowing Wesley and Illyria to remember the original course of events and enabled Connor to kill Sahjhan. Even though his memory was restored, Connor said goodbye and returned to the Reilly family, not mentioning the truth about his restored memory to his father, although a brief comment he made about his father teaching him to do what you have to in order to protect others hinted at his awareness and acceptance of what Angel had done to him.
Come on. You drop by for a cup of coffee, and the world's not ending? Please.—Connor to Angel, Not Fade Away
On the eve of his final battle with the Circle of the Black Thorn, Angel visited Connor for coffee. Connor revealed that he knew Angel was his father and was grateful for all he had done for him, but preferred to leave it at that. Later, when Angel fought Marcus Hamilton, Connor showed up to fight by his father's side, saving Angel from being staked by Hamilton. The two fought together, but even with Connor's help, Angel was no match for Hamilton, and Connor was knocked out. However, shortly afterward, Angel finally defeated Hamilton when the latter accidentally exposed his own weakness. As the Senior Partners began to exact their vengeance, Angel told Connor to go home and that as long as Connor was safe, the Partners could never destroy him.
Fall of Los AngelesEdit
After the Senior Partnerssent Los Angeles to Hell, Connor provided humans and good demons sanctuary with the help of the benevolent werewolf Nina Ash and the mutant Gwen Raiden, who he had begun a relationship with. He also partnered with Spike and Illyria, who posed as the Demon Lords of Beverly Hills. During their time in hell, Spike worked with Connor in saving people and they built what Connor described as a relationship between a boy and a weird uncle. Spike often spoke to Connor about his battles, seemingly training him and becoming someone who Connor went to for relationship advice.
Connor actively killed multiple demons, sometimes alongside his father. After the team moved back into the Hyperion Hotel, Illyria told the others that Angel was no longer a vampire. Angry with his father for being lied to, Connor left and was forced to pit Angel's dragon against Gwen when he realized that she was loyal to Charles Gunn, who was now a vampire. Gwen subsequently gave her life to hold off Wolfram & Hart's army. Connor returned after Angel had been mortally wounded in a fight with Gunn and kicked Gunn out of a window before convincing a dying Angel to trust in himself and keep fighting to live. After Gunn caused Illyria to revert to her true form, Connor, the wounded Angel, and Spike were the only champions left standing. Connor was mortally wounded by Gunn when Gunn tried to prevent Connor, Angel, and Spike from stopping Illyria. He died in his father's arms, but not before reassuring Angel that he was a good person regardless of whether or not he was a human or a vampire.
I need you to promise me something. And you gotta do it, because it's like, a last request. No matter what happens, Angel, don't let them win. You're a good man. Vampire or not - you're a good man.—Connor's final words., Angel: After the Fall
Following Angel's time as Twilight, he relocated to London and cut off ties with Connor despite Connor's attempts to call him, reasoning that Connor was better off without him in his life due to the damage that Angel had caused him in the past. Angel, however, had been keeping tabs on Connor, knowing that he was in school, had a girlfriend, and was happy for the most part. Angel was, however, unaware that the end of magic had also undid the reality alteration that gave Connor a normal human life and family; Connor now remembered his fake memories in the sense that one would recall watching "an old movie seen a long time ago," while the Reillys did not remember him at all. However, Connor had gained enough new memories since then to prevent from regressing back to his previous state of insanity.
After hooking up with Angel and Faith in London during her quest to reverse the end of magic, Willow claimed that she needed Connor to actually do so; in order to regain her magic, she needed to travel to another dimension where magic still existed and 'soak up' the energy from there, but the only dimension that could still be accessed from this world was Quor'toth as there were never any portals to Quor'toth in the first place, and a ritual that she had found requiring something from the target dimension to access it in the first place, requiring Connor due to the time he had spent in that world. After seeing Willow's desperation and inner turmoil, Angel reluctantly agreed to the plan, but made it clear to Willow that it was Connor's choice to go along with it.
Making their way to L.A., Angel, Willow, and Faith, accompanied by Gunn, drove to Connor's school just as he got out of his psych class, and they reunited. Though Connor was confused and hurt that Angel distanced himself from him, he nonetheless assured his father that, though he did have a good life and that his place was here, he didn't want Angel to hide from him ever. Already aware of Willow's plan to travel to Quor'toth, Connor readily agreed to help despite Angel's objections, stating that Willow was right and that Earth needed magic to survive. Returning to the Hyperion, Willow carved several sigils in Connor's chest with the Scythe as part of the ritual. Willow succeeded in charging her magical reserves and opened a portal to the World Without Shrimp to continue her quest, though Connor chose to stay behind in Quor'toth to help out a cult that worshiped him and his legend. It was also revealed by Connor that his fake memories with his fake family were disappearing, but nevertheless tells Angel that he's grateful for what he did and understand a lot better now.
During his time, Connor realized more about his father and admitted to Angel that he loved him as well as calling him "Dad". Forced to fight against the Old One named Quor'toth, they managed to survive the ordeal, only for things to get even more complicated as Connor and the others are faced with Willow, who was starting to develop veins and black eyes once more because of the dark magic.
After Willow resolved to fight due to Angel's encouragement, she ended up fully turning "dark", attempting to attack Connor who had. at the time. been trying to lead his followers to Earth. However, she was soon stopped by Angel biting her and consequently reverting her back to her normal self despite his father briefly struggling with the dark magics as well. His followers were transported to the World Without Shrimp thanks to Willow and Connor himself returned to Los Angeles with Angel and Faith. Connor and Angel once again make up, Angel promising to contact him more often now and he quickly returned to his college life.
Personality and traitsEdit
...your raging, psychopathic son...—Marcus Hamilton to Angel on Connor., Origin
As a result of his harsh upbringing and the brutal training he endured from Holtz, Connor initially emerged from Quor'toth with several mental and emotional problems, as well as an intense hatred of Angel thanks to Holtz's manipulations. Though impressed with Angel's nobility and heroic attitude after the initial hostility of their first meeting, Connor was nonetheless quick to assume that Angel murdered Holtz, and after trapping him under the sea, joined Angel Investigations for the sole purpose of ensuring that Angel would not be found and that Gunn and Fred would not know that he was behind his disappearance (though he failed on both counts thanks to Wesley); when confronted by Gunn and Fred, Connor made it clear that he did not regret doing so and refused to acknowledge Angel as his father, and continued to insist that Angel "deserved it" after discovering the truth behind Holtz's death. Also as a result of his upbringing under Holtz, he was openly prejudiced against vampires and demons despite being half-demon himself, calling Lorne a "filthy demon" to his face and attacking Cordelia with a knife the minute he discovered she was a half-demon.
However, Connor slowly came to realize that Holtz had been wrong about Angel and began to develop a more friendly relationship with him, even beginning to address him as "Dad." Unfortunately, Jasmine's manipulations subsequently drove him over the edge and led him to nearly commit suicide while taking others with him as he felt that the world was too harsh for anyone to live in, though the subsequent reality alteration done by Cyvus Vail restored him to a more stable and sociable person.
After his memories were restored and he returned to Angel Investigations, Connor developed into a more heroic figure much like his father. Following the Twilight crisis and the end of magic, Connor recognized the cons of the Seed's loss outweighed the pros and that the Earth was slowly but surely dying, and readily agreed to Willow's plan to travel to Quor'toth to restore magic as a result. With magic lost, his false memories were also lost- Connor remembered his new life only in the same sense that someone would recall watching a movie-, although he has developed enough good memories thanks to Angel since then to prevent him from regressing back to his original psychotic state.
Powers and AbilitiesEdit
Connor possessed the typical abilities of a vampire: superhuman strength, speed, durability, and heightened senses. However, his abilities and status were more comparable to those of a Slayer; he was unaffected by traditional vampire weaknesses such as sunlight and holy items, had no need to drink blood and could subside on normal human food, and could not assume a vampire's "game face."
- Superhuman Strength: Connor has been bested in battle by both Faith and Angel, but he was still stronger than most vampires and many forms of demons, even those from Quor'toth. An example of his strength was when he was able to land a hit on Marcus Hamilton that momentarily stunned him, albeit after he caught him off-guard when Hamilton was shown to be very hard to injure in any way. However, Connor was no match for him when he was expecting his attacks even with his strength. Furthermore, he shattered Jasmine's head with a single punch whereas Angel was unable to cause her any long-term damage, though it is likely that his connection to Jasmine enabled him to do so. With his memories restored, Connor also proved a match for the demon Sahjhan, someone Angel was no match for. However, this was mostly while he was armed with an axe with which he landed most of the blows that hurt while his own punches seemed to have little effect on the demon.
- Superhuman Speed: Like all vampires, Connor possessed superhuman speed and reflexes. He saved Fred from a thrown axe by showing up out of nowhere and catching it. He also surprised Cordelia by handing her a towel despite sitting by a window still several meters away a few seconds ago.
- Superhuman Durability: As he lacks the vampires' undead nature, there is a limit to just how much damage his living body can endure and heal. Though stab and gunshot wounds can prove life-threatening to Connor, he is still incredibly resistant to blunt force trauma. After his first encounter with the Beast, the Jasmine-possessed Cordelia discovered a large bruise on his upper torso and assumed it to be broken ribs, to which Connor remarked that he had never broken a bone before and didn't even know he could. Later, when the Beast threw him out of a sixth-story window while the sun was being blocked out by the Ra-Tet eclipse spell, Connor asked Cordelia if things were supposed to go dark when someone loses consciousness, implying that he had never done so before. (At least not gradually, anyway.)
- Superhuman Agility: Connor could jump great heights and distances. He leapt across a room to fight some vampires.
- Superhuman Senses: Connor possessed acute senses superior to humans. Connor heard Cordelia whisper.
- Hunting and fighting skills: In addition to his innate powers, Connor was trained by his foster father, Daniel Holtz, in hunting and in both unarmed and armed combat. However, unlike the technical skills displayed by the Slayers and Angel, Connor generally relied more on a brute force approach, his usual combat strategy based around hitting his opponents fast and beating them into submission, leaving him at a disadvantage when faced with more sophisticated combatants. Although he once defeated Angel in a fight, it should be noted that he was using a taser at the time, and also had the advantage that Angel wasn't expecting him to attack, and didn't want to hurt him back. During a later fight, Connor was defeated by Angel even when his father had lost his memories and thought he was a teenager, and was fighting on instinct. Connor's subsequent victory over Sahjhan was only aided by the fact that he took Sahjhan by surprise with the sudden return of his original memories. Following his return to Angel Investigations, he had begun to develop into a more competent leader, although he still lacked Angel's experience.
- Magic/light manipulation : When Angel went to the future and found Myresto Mor dead by his sister Rowant Mor when they were arguing she told him that Connor's powers are now akin to ours meaning that's why she said the Sisterhood of Jaro Hull after him in the first place then with the help of Illyria then went back to the past in order to rescue his team from Myresto Mor Connor himself used some kind of light manipulation/Higher being ability and killed Myresto Mor and saved a baby.
- Sunny — A teen runaway and a heroin addict, she was the first female human Connor had ever met since being taken to Quor-Toth and with whom he shared his first kiss after protecting her from a drug dealer named Tyke, although she subsequently died of an overdose after providing him with new clothes.
- Cordelia Chase — Connor developed an affection for Cordelia when they lived together after Cordelia returned from the higher planes with total amnesia. After she regained her memories, a possessed Cordelia seduced Connor and he loses his virginity to her; as a result, the pair became the "parents" of the being known as Jasmine, 'Cordelia' exploiting Connor's emotionally-unstable psyche to turn him against his father. After regaining his memories, Connor reflects on how disturbing it was that his first time was with his surrogate mother.
- Faith Lehane — Connor was instantly attracted to Faith's toughness and fighting skills, but her refusal to give up on Angel clashed with his willingness to stake Angelus, culminating in the two of them coming to blows when Connor was tricked into nearly staking Angelus before Willow could restore his soul.
- Tracy - Connor's new dad made reference to a girl named Tracy and asked if they were going to the same college, suggesting the two were romantically involved. One of his siblings commented (by way of an insult) that she was a vegan.
- Illyria — When the two met, Illyria sensed that Connor was lusting after her, prompting Connor to claim he'd always had a thing for older women, to which Angel mumbled "they were supposed to fix that" under his breath.
- Gwen Raiden - During Los Angeles' time in Hell, Connor began dating Gwen, although with problems because of Gwen's electric nature. This relationship came to an end after Los Angeles returned to Earth, due to her betrayal of the team for Gunn.
- Natalie - Connor's current girlfriend who he has been dating for three months, describing her as "special" despite it being early in their relationship.
- Daniel Holtz - After being kidnapped by Holtz as an infant, Connor was taken to Quor'toth with him and raised from infancy. Despite his harsh and brutal upbringing and inhumane training, Connor grew to love Holtz as a father. However, upon their return to Earth, Holtz proceeded to commit suicide in a manner simulating a vampire attack to frame Angel for his death, knowing that Connor would blame Angel.
- Angel - Connor had a complicated relationship with his biological father: at first, when he was a baby, Connor loved Angel unconditionally, but when he went to Quor'toth he was brainwashed into believing his father was the evil Angelus to the point that he tried to kill him immediately upon his return to Earth during which time Angel did everything possible to get him back. Despite this, Angel did everything he could to reach out to Connor and was starting to get through to him when Holtz committed suicide in a manner that simulated a vampire attack, making Connor think Angel killed him. To get revenge, Connor dumped him into the ocean chained down and did everything in his power to prevent Gunn and Fred from finding out the truth. When Angel was rescued, he admitted he loved Connor but still kicked him out. Following the release of the Beast, Connor started living with Angel once more but their relationship was still strained at best. When Angel decided to release Angelus to deal with the Beast, he warned Connor about it and said this was the side of him he never wanted his son to see. Connor, however, told Angelus that Angelus was his real father and not Angel. During the ensuing crisis with Angelus, Connor advocated many times to kill Angel instead of reensouling him, particularly when his soul went missing. He even tried killing Angelus under "Cordelia's" influence despite the fact that Angel's soul was being restored at that point and was only stopped by Faith and the fact that Angel returned to normal. Connor eventually betrayed Angel for "Cordelia" and fought him over her and during the Jasmine crisis, was at odds with Angel even after Jasmine's spell was broken over the team. Connor eventually saved Angel and killed Jasmine, but later tried to kill Cordelia and a lot of other people because of his unstable mindset, daring Angel to kill him. Instead, Angel made a deal with Wolfram & Hart to become the new CEO of the Los Angeles branch if they gave Connor a normal life. Angel later visited Connor from a distance and was content with him being happy with his new family. Months later, when Connor came to Wolfram & Hart as a result of Cyvus Vail's actions, Angel tried to keep him away to keep him safe, but still followed and protected him. The normal happy Connor and Angel formed a bond with Connor clearly looking up to Angel. After Connor regained his memories and killed Sahjhan, he returned to his old life but indicated that he knew the truth with his parting comment about learning how important it was to protect your family from his father. Some time later, when Angel thought he was going to die before attacking the Circle of the Black Thorn, he spent the day visiting Connor who told him he knew Angel was his father and was grateful for what he did but wanted to leave it at that. Angel honored his wishes, but Connor realized something was wrong to the extent that he came to Angel's rescue against Marcus Hamilton that night, saying if Angel dropped by like that the world had to be ending, showing a deeper understanding of Angel than he had before the reality shift. Angel and Connor got to fight side by side and even though Connor had earlier told Angel he didn't think fighting was for him, he offered his help against the Senior Partners army. However, Angel sent him home stating that as long as Connor was safe, the Senior Partners couldn't destroy him.
- Willow Rosenberg - Willow met Connor when journeying to Los Angeles to ensoul Angelus, who had recently been let lose. She showed no surprise at seeing Angel had a son (already told over the phone) and upon introduced, had quipped "So the sneer's genetic? Who knew." However, they had briefly been on opposing sides due to Connor's efforts to kill Angel but in the end he had failed. Willow later reunited with Connor as she had needed him to help her open a rift in Quor'toth, which he had heartily agreed to. Willow and Connor appear to have a friendly relationship, as Willow had described him as an amazing guy and was visibly shaken that she had to injure him with the scythe in order for the ritual to work. Willow hugged Connor when they finished their journey in the dimension, thanking him for seeing the problems since the end of magic and reassuring herself that she wasn't crazy. She genuinely told him to be happy and that he deserved it, before leaving to bring magic back.
- Jasmine - Connor had a complicated relationship with the being known as Jasmine. During his time of being in a relationship with Cordelia, it was actually Jasmine possessing her in order to use Connor to create a new body for herself to exist on Earth. After Jasmine was born, although he could see through her illusion and wasn't under her spell, Connor still followed her willingly as his life was built on lies and the Jasmine lie seemed the best of them all despite all the evil things she did to get her perfect world. Connor and Jasmine shared a connection to each other similar to the one shared between Jasmine and Cordelia as Connor was her body's father which made him and Cordelia two of the very few things she was vulnerable to. Jasmine was able to telepathically communicate with him and even through him even though he wasn't under her spell. However, Connor started to lose his faith in Jasmine and when Angel destroyed her powers, Connor killed her, but not to save the world but simply because he didn't have anything left. The loss of Jasmine made Connor go from slightly unstable to extremely unstable forcing Angel to give him a new life to save him.
- Sahjhan - Despite only physically meeting him twice, one of the relationships that shaped Connor's life was his relationship with the Granok Demon Sahjhan. After learning of a prophecy that Connor would kill him, Sahjhan tried to prevent Connor's birth and kill him after he was born in order to prevent the prophecy, leading to his alliance with Holtz. When that failed and Holtz tried to raise Connor as his own son, Sahjhan's efforts to prevent it led to Connor and Holtz's imprisonment in Quor'toth for several years and Connor's being raised to hate Angel there. Ironically it also led partially to the fulfillment of the prophecy: due to the time difference between the dimensions, Connor came back older and with a great knowledge of fighting. When Cyvus Vail forced Connor to try to kill Sahjhan and Wesley broke the Orlon Window, Connor regained both his memories and the fighting skills he gained in Quor'toth, allowing him to kill Sahjhan where others had failed. Ironically, when the two finally met to do battle, Connor had no idea who Sahjhan was at first and by the time he regained his memory of him, the fight was nearly over.
Behind the Scenes Edit
- Between "Home" and "Origin," the only people known to remember that Angel had a son were Angel, Lilah Morgan, Eve, Hamilton, Cyvus Vail, the Senior Partners, and Cordelia; after this, Wesley and Illyria definitely knew who he was, with the other members of Angel Investigations learning his true identity after Los Angeles returned from Hell; Gunn expressed ignorance of Connor's identity when he fought Connor while he was transformed into a vampire. The move of L.A. to Hell seemed to affect the memory-altering spell; as Connor remarked, nearly everyone he met knew he was Angel's son.
- It's unknown whether Buffy ever had knowledge that Angel had a son. Although both Willow and Faith knew of and met him—Willow expressing knowledge of Connor's identity just after hearing his name—they are never shown mentioning him to anyone back in Sunnydale. In fact, when Buffy asked how Angel was doing back in L.A., Faith completely omitted Connor from her run down of events.
- Connor could be considered the Buffyverse version of a dhampir, or human-vampire hybrid, as he possessed powers similar to vampires, but not their weaknesses. Although, traditionally, dhampirs were the children of a vampire and a human.
From "Lullaby" to "Sleep Tight", Connor is portrayed as a baby by the Tupen triplets. From "The Price" onward, Connor is portrayed as a teenager by Vincent Kartheiser. Template:AppearancesAngelSeason3 Template:AppearancesAngelSeason4
After the Fall Season Six Edit
- After the Fall #1
- After the Fall #2
- After the Fall #3
- After the Fall #4 (only in a photography)
- After the Fall #5
- After the Fall #6: First Night Part I
- After the Fall #7: First Night Part II
- After the Fall #9
- After the Fall #10
- After the Fall #11
- After the Fall #12
- After the Fall #13
- After the Fall #14
- After the Fall #15
- After the Fall #16
- After the Fall - Epilogue
- Drusilla, Part One
- Drusilla, Part Two
- Boys and Their Toys
- The Crown Prince Syndrome
- Immortality for Dummies
- The Trouble With Felicia
- The Big Dustup
- Roman a Clef
- Letters Home: A Jamesian Interlude
- Bedroom Follies
- Prophet for Profit, Part One
- Prophet for Profit, Part Two
- Prophet for Profit, Part Three
- Cats in the Cradle
- The Wolf, the Ram, and the Heart
Creation and castingEdit
The intent for Connor's character was to put "Angel in an emotional space." He was meant to give Angel more to live for than just the usual "day to day" living he was experiencing. "Plus, I just love the idea of this embarrassing effect of a one-night stand,” Joss Whedon explained in his decision to introduce Angel’s son. The character was given the Irish name Connor, meaning ‘counselor’ or 'helping warrior', to match Angel's Irish ancestry. Three different babies, triplets Connor, Jake, and Trenton Tupen, were chosen to portray Connor so that none of them had to remain on the set for very long. Baby Connor was a main focus of season three, but the creators were well aware of the limitations of a baby character. With Connor’s initial role in plot decided, they came up with the concept of a 'teenage' version for further appearances.
Vincent Kartheiser, then 23, was looking for something more stable than the usual feature movies. He decided to audition after his agent sent him the role and tapes of all previous seasons. The producers wanted the character to be a surprise to audiences, so not even Kartheiser was informed that he was trying out for Angel's son. Instead he auditioned for a character created for the purpose of audition, ‘the Street Kid’, a normal teenager who had Angel as his guardian. "Right away everyone kind of had a good feeling about me joining the cast," Vincent says. "It seemed that I just fit right in." Kartheiser was excited after learning that his real role was 'Angel's son, a demon killer from Quor'toth.’ He was confused about his portrayal, thinking that the character was to have a "living-in-the-brush kind of ‘failed being’ attitude." Instead, he was told to just "stand up straight, [use a] normal voice," and let a regular boy come on. Vincent Kartheiser was initially contracted for three episodes with an option to pick him up further.
Teenage Connor is an angry, brooding, intense, and volatile teenager who is vindictive towards Angel. Vincent Kartheiser described him as withdrawn and "not willing to open up to the group happiness everyone is so inclined to be part of". He also highlighted his 'alienation' of this world and resulting caution and unwillingness to trust others. Tim Minear further characterizes Connor by his strong need for family which "means everything to this kid because he's never had one" and put emphasis on his "conflicted" personality triggered by his upbringing. David Fury and Minear also highlight Connor's similarity to Angel. Fury worked on the resemblance of strength, fighting style, and personality. Minear compared their trait of accepting responsibility even in the worst times. Intending to show Connor as a formidable fighter, Kelly A. Manners described him as "quite the hunter, quite the killer." Kartheiser notes him as "truly badass", and jokingly compares his fighting style to that of 'Jackie Chan', He is attracted to women older than him, which becomes a running gag in the series.
Connor, despite being the son of two "vampires," is meant to be "human" with otherwise super powers. Due to this, he wasn’t given the vampire makeup of the series. Kartheiser expresses his simultaneous joy and dismay at this, considering makeup an added benefit for the character and agreeing that the lack of it saved him much time. Connor was initially clad in clothes made of animal skin, and his attire was said to resemble 'Peter Pan' and 'Robin Hood'. He was also wearing, as a trophy, a necklace made of parts of demons he killed in hell. After he settles in this world, he drops the necklace and is given a more casual set of clothes: jeans, t-shirts, and jackets. The concept behind Connor’s wardrobe was that, unconcerned with this world’s fashion sense, he "just took whatever was available." Yet, one interviewer notices his clothing to be "conservative [..] for somebody who's never seen an advert". Connor's hairstyle at the start was short and choppy as if cut with a knife. Afterward he's given a modern and cleaner look with longer, styled hair. Kartheiser was critical of the new hair style calling it 'David Cassidy hair-do' and feeling it was a 'little bit heavy'.
Connor undergoes dramatic changes in season five. Very much an opposite to his earlier persona, the only features common with his previous self are his protectiveness of loved ones, attraction to older women, and later his fighting prowess. Otherwise he's a prosperous, sweet young man, due to his fake memories of a happy childhood. Jeffrey Bell wanted to highlight Connor's "well-adjusted" mentality for this season. Vincent calls him a "happy" person and liked playing this version more because he has been playing the "brooding" version for a year and a half year. The comic book Connor develops in the same direction as he starts emerging a hero still keeping his pleasant personality. Joss Whedon characterizes the comic book Connor as "the closest thing to a superhero hell has' because he has powers without any of the weaknesses of the vampire, and is well adjusted. Brain considers him "one of the coolest characters in any series or comics".
Characteristic to Joss Whedon's characters, Connor goes through drastic changes with the series progression. Introduced as an 'impossible birth' at the start of season three, as an infant the character still had little chance of his own development. So he became an agent for evolution of others; Darla through him, redeems herself of her villainous acts spanning two television series, and Wesley transform from a goofy sidekick to a brooding anti-hero. Once these developments came to fruition, the creators chose to upgrade Connor to a teen. Taking advantage of the fantasy genre, they were able to accelerate his growth within a few weeks of the show's normal timeline, thus not affecting the ages of the rest of the characters and setting up stage for the next act. The middle of season three sees the infant kidnapped by Angel's long-term adversary Holtz, who takes Connor to a hell dimension where "time moves differently," explains David Greenwalt. "We didn't want to raise a baby for 18 years."
Connor returns near the end of the season as a feral teenage warrior who is vindictive towards Angel. Connor's age at his return is disputed: both the creators and episodes vary between putting him at 16 and 18. Regarding Connor's upbringing, Mere Smith elaborates that "Holtz has brought up Connor to hate his father, his father is the devil as far as Holtz is concerned and he tells Connor that" This development allowed the writers to explore a unique 'foil' to protagonists because Connor was established to be "deep down" much like Angel himself. Minear goes on to explain with Smith that immediately following Connor's return from hell, Angel had started "converting the boy to his side," showing him that he's no longer a bad guy. Just when Connor is bonding with Angel, Holtz kills himself upon sensing the danger of their reconciliation. This makes Connor back track and sets off a back and forth pattern that continues to repeat till the end of season four with Cordelia and then Jasmine taking Holtz' position between father and son.
Much of Connor's development in season three and four is his continuous shifting alliances between protagonists and antagonists; he is unable to find his place or his purpose for being. Jeffrey Bell says that all the confusing and conflicting circumstances never allow Connor a break, which he thinks "makes him empathetic in midst of making all wrong choices". Steven S. DeKnight says:
We really wanted to highlight [..] that he is a tragic victim of circumstance. He never had a childhood, he's been lied to and manipulated and in this episode we find out his whole reason for being was to bring this other thing into this world, so he's been played his entire life. You really root for him to make the right decision in this one, but you know tragic figure he doesn't.
Season four also sees the writers exploring teenage sexuality through him, in a small arc with Faith, with whom Steven S. DeKnight compares him in their characterization of misguided youth with superpowers; and the overarching arc with his father's love Cordelia. Jeffrey Bell states Arthurian Legend's animosity between King Arthur, his son Mordred, and their love triangle with Guinevere as inspiration for the Connor-Cordelia-Angel plot line. Whedon notes that while he already has decided that Cordelia and Connor were going to have sex, the story had to be changed and move faster because Charisma Carpenter became pregnant. The Cordelia plot line additionally gave writers opportunity to explain Connor's birth via Jasmine, a character brought in to replace Carpenter as final villain. Taking Jasmine as a base point the writers started connecting back the dots they'd set up in previous seasons. In the words of DeKnight, "It's always been the big mystery of how and why Darla and Angel have a child, 'cause vampires are sterile. We find out this miracle birth was created kind of like a secret ingredient all planned out to sleep with Cordelia and create this superbeing."
Regarding the resolution of the character at season four and dropping of Kartheiser from regular cast, Minear says that they had an idea at the conception of teenage Connor that he would only last a season, and "it was time to end the character's story". But, they changed his original "violent, morbid" sendoff to a relatively happy one, citing their likability of actor and character as the reason. Also it was "nice to give someone a happy ending for once." Kartheiser was satisfied with the sendoff, particularly because the issue between Angel and Connor was confronted:
That to me is the soul of the character. The name of the show is Angel so it all comes back to him. For Connor, everything stems from this place with Angel and Holtz, and when we got the opportunity for him to let that out, I think he came out of his tough shell and showed a little bit of his sensitivity. He showed that he was hurt by his father and that he was hurt by Holtz.The last scene of Angel watching memory-wiped Connor dine with his new family and slipping away quietly was Whedon's idea, derived from 1937's classic movie Stella Dallas:
"I've given up my child. I see my child is happy, and does not know me, and I'm happy. That is the thing that made Stella Darlas the greatest, the thing that made this episode work."
Despite Whedon's claim that the fourth season is a ‘final statement' for Connor, the character returns for a couple guests appearances in the fifth. This season sees a big development with a "well-adjusted" Connor and the long-due reconciliation of father and son; Connor is able to accept and appreciate all Angel did for him after his memories return. Minear and Bell were open to and had mentioned the possibility of character's return to Kartheiser at the end of season four. But following his return, Kartheiser isn't sure if the re-appearance was not only due to the necessity of tying up loose ends after the series was reckoned to be canceled. Originally Kartheiser was asked to appear for one episode "Origin" but the crew and Kartheiser enjoyed working with revamped Connor so much that "it became clear to [them] that he had to appear for the series finale".
Connor again returns for Angel:After the Fall. Brian Lynch was initially confused about how to incorporate Connor into the story. It was Whedon who hit upon the arc that Connor would follow in the series. He said, "Connor's a young kid, he's got powers, he doesn't have any of the bad things, he's not a vampire, so maybe he would enjoy it, and maybe he would be the closest thing to a superhero hell has". Well-adjusted now, Connor is shown "fully embracing his qualities and role of a hero" for the comic series. Originally Lynch had planned for Nina Ash to be more involved in his storyline, but with time it became clear to him that Connor's story is more about his relationship with Angel. So Nina fell to the wayside and Connor-Angel went on to become a much closer father-son unit. Connor also went from the character Lynch had the most trouble with to the character he enjoys writing most. Regarding Connor's upcoming role in Angel & Faith, Whedon joked about time-traveling him to the early 1960s and making him an ad executive, referencing Kartheiser 's recent role in the critically acclaimed television series Mad Men. Author Christos Gage describes the necessity of Connor's appearance with "otherwise Angel is just a deadbeat Dad!"
In the Angel & Faith Comics, Connor returns in the "Family Reunion" arc, beginning with Issue #11. Willow telling Angel that she needs Connor to act as a compass to Quor'toth, the world he grew up in, to help restore magic to the world. Connor is now a college student studying social work with a girlfriend named Natalie he's been dating 3 months. He rapidly agrees to help Willow and a very reluctant Angel. Connor has seen the toll on society, especially the disenfranchised, that has occurred since magic seed was destroyed in Buffy Season 8. With a blood ritual using Connor's blood, Willow tears a fabric in reality to Quor'toth and Willow, Faith, Angel, and Connor head into the "darkest of the dark worlds".
Several pieces of merchandise, based on Angel television and comic series, featuring Connor have been released. These merchandise includes a few action figures, but more prominently novels and spin-off comic books. Connor stars as a regular in After the Fall's spin-off Aftermath and one-shot Angel Yearbook. He is the title character of Connor: Spotlight. Continuing his appearances in other media, Connor stars in novels Dark Mirror, Love and Death, and Monolith. These appearances, though a part of official merchandise, are not considered canon.
The show's cast and crew repeatedly praised Vincent Kartheiser for his professionalism and ability to bring much to his character. "You can bet the family fortune on this kid, he can really do it," stated director Vern Gillum. Producer Tim Minear described Vincent as one of the main reasons of their avoidance of giving the character a ghastly send-off as planned before, “We’ve all grown so fond of the character and the actor that we didn’t want do that.” Although fans and critics reception to Kartheiser’s portrayal of the disturbed teen was also very positive, the character and his storylines turned out to be controversial.
His sexual relationship with his surrogate mother, Cordelia, particularly evoked attention. Most responses to this couple were negative. Darkworlds.com's columnist Amy Berner declared them a "finalist in the Most Disturbing Couple In Television History“. In her academic essay "The Assassination of Cordelia Chase," Jennifer Crusie complained that this plot line led to the destruction of Cordelia's character. Charisma Carpenter herself, despite previously noted to have fun portraying the role, became critical of the storyline over time, declaring her character’s seduction of a teenage boy creepy. Yet, a few gave a positive response. Liz Gasto of Moviefreak.com included the Angel–Cordelia–Connor triangle in the plus points of fourth season. Underland.com praised the plot line as a "very King Arthur like tale of love and betrayal." Another group was neutral towards the development. In his book Blood Relations: Chosen Families in Buffy and Angel, Jes Battis simply observed that the relationship completes the already present “circuit of erotic incest within Buffy and Angel.” Jean Lorrah, in her academic essay "A World Without Love: The Failure of Family in Angel," agreed with previous statements, further noting that Connor is the product of a relationship with incestuous tones: ”Angel is seduced by Darla, formerly his sire (mother), now his granddaughter [..] Connor’s life, unbeknownst to either parent, has begun.”
Connor’s characterization and main storyline with his father in season three and four received mixed to positive reviews. Ben from thescifichristian.com was not fond of the initial episodes with baby Connor because Angel wasted time “baby-talking,” but he loved the development with teenage Connor, “The [third] season ends with a great storyline as Connor returns [..] and betrays Angel.” Jes Battis praised the father/son dynamics and described as “highly dramatic and (engagingly perverse)”. Journalist Sarah D. Bunting called Connor "a frustrating character" and wrote that while she "gets where he is coming from" and his ”twitchy, PTSD-ish interactions ring true", they become old too quick due to lack of real development of character and the relationship with Angel for most of season four. Kartheiser himself expressed this development concern, but he said that "Towards the end of the season I was really happy about the chances I was getting." This last statement is echoed in Jamie Pool's review, who called the “ending” to Connor "emotionally satisfying", despite noting him to not have been particularly endearing through most of the remaining season. S.Wiebe of eclipsemagazine.com, however, described Connor’s overall characterization "sharp" with "really intriguing sub-textual material" and among the saving graces of the season. Strega of Television Without Pity, also praised the character's psychology, "The thing I like most is that they've not only created a teenager who doesn't just feel like he's the most alienated person in the world -- he actually is," and "I love how unloved Connor [thinks he] is…” Jean Lorrah described the Darla-Angel-Connor-Jasmine arc as "surely one of the most ambitious story arcs any television show has ever attempted“ Stacey Abbott of PopMatters called the Darla-Angel-Connor storyline "provocative" and "pure family melodrama". Cityofangels.com's Tara DiLullo summed up:
"Vincent Kartheiser [Connor] had a challenging year playing Angel’s errant son, to say the least. While audiences may have hoped for a reconciliation between the two, it was never meant to be. Connor instead started and remained [..] as petulant and unsympathetic as many teens are in real life. [His pairing with] Cordelia completely fouled just about everyone and made him the whipping boy for fan ire. But [Vincent] earns serious kudos for his amazing last inning transformation of Connor from brat to tragic figure worthy of pity and understanding in Peace Out and Home. That Vincent was able to redeem Connor in such a short time is a true feat in itself and it was singularly responsible for making the finale as heartbreaking and haunting as it ended up being."
A revamped Connor received praise during the final season. Phoenix of cityofangel.com declared Connor's return as “triumphant”, saying this “shy, sweet, happy young man” is the kid Angel always wanted, and “for the audience, a version of the character finally worth liking and supporting.” Roz Kaveney, in his essay "A Sense of the Ending: Schrödinger's Angel," praised the new Connor as a “heroic youth”. Writer Brian Lynch admitted that he did not love season four's Connor, but that he "really liked him" in season five "when he came back and he was well adjusted."
Connor's name is often mentioned with Buffy the Vampire Slayer's Dawn Summers younger sister to Buffy Summers similarly created to give a strong emotional connection to the titular character. Four years after the cancellation of Angel, IGN included Connor along with Dawn in their list of classic TV's cliché of ‘Adding a Kid’ as a last-ditch effort to save a dying show. However they refused to comment if his addition was a good or bad choice in order to avoid swamping themselves from irate fans of either side. David Hofstede in his book What Were They Thinking? openly criticized Connor and Dawn’s addition, appointing them number No.98 in his list of "100 Dumbest Events in Television History".
Connor's appearance as a regular in After the Fall, was initially met with dismay by some fans. IDW representative Chris Ryall responded to these complaints with optimism, assuring the fans that the character would win them over, just the way he has been, by the time the series end. True to his words, After The Fall’s Connor was received positively. Brian Lynch confirmed this in an interview, stating that Connor has not only been the most pleasantly surprising character for him to write, he has been the most surprising for the fans as well, "Connor was a great character on the TV show but, I don’t think he was ever a favorite. But he’s slowly but surely become one of the most popular characters in After The Fall, which is wonderful." He further said that he himself like the character so much now, he wants to do a book called 'Son of Angel' based on him.
Connor has been analyzed and compared with other male characters of the series in terms of the presentation and evolution of masculinity in fiction. His sexual relation with his surrogate mother, coupled with his struggles to kill his father, led to numerous speculations that mythical Greek figure Oedipus was the inspiration for the character. and references to Arthurian Legend were also made. In Erin B. Waggoner's book Sexual rhetoric in the works of Joss Whedon, he found it interesting that the ancient Oedipus complex continues to be used as a way to underscore one's masculinity, but he added that "Connor is not the only one [..] Angel, Wes, Spike and even Fred (through Gunn) kill father or father figures in order to come into their own as individuals." Further citing Gwen's role among Connor and Gunn in the comic series triangle, he observed the unrelenting use of women as a device for men to shore up.
Stacey Abbott of PopMatters cited David Greenwalt's statement that "Angel is about how hard it is to be a man." Greenwalt observed that the show raises questions about what it means to be a man and does this not only through the characterization of Angel but also the men around him. He said that like other male characters, taken alone Connor may seem a stereotypical teen boy, but considered with rest of the cast offers a complex image of modern masculinity. Greenwalt also compared Connor's journey with others in terms of identity, which he considers a poignant theme within the series. He found it ironic that Connor who was "initially the most damaged of all the characters", was the only one able to "reconcile his actions and new man existence together" and be at peace with himself in the end.
- ↑ "The Magic Bullet"
- ↑ Angel: After the Fall
- ↑ Angel & Faith #7
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Family Reunion
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 'Family Reunion, Part Four'
- ↑ "Salvage"
- ↑ "Deep Down"
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 "Long Day's Journey"
- ↑ "A New World"
- ↑ "Benediction"
- ↑ "Home"
- ↑ 'Angel: After the Fall'
- ↑ 'Family Reunion'
- ↑ "Tomorrow"
- ↑ "Orpheus"
- ↑ "Tim Minear Interview". investigatingangel.com. 2011-04-13. http://investigatingangel.com/podcast/tim-minear-interview. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 "Buffy Creator Joss Whedon Talks Climaxes, Criticism and Angel's Fate". eonline.com. 2002-05-03. Archived from the original on October 16, 2002. https://web.archive.org/web/20021016153215/http://www.eonline.com/Gossip/Wanda/Archive2002/020503d.html. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 "Dad". bbc.co.uk. September 2005. http://www.bbc.co.uk/cult/buffy/angel/episodes/three/page10.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 Jeffrey Bell, Steven S. DeKnight, Vincent Kartheiser (2004). "Featurette: Season 3 Overview "Angel DVDs#Season 3 (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 "Vincent Kartheiser - Angel Magazine Interview". whedon.info. November 2003. http://www.whedon.info/Vincent-Kartheiser-Angel-Magazine.html. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ "Teenage kicks". Xposé Magazine. 2006. http://www.vincent-kartheiser.org/vincent/articles/796-teenage-kicks. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 "Vincent Kartheiser - Interviewed in London". bbc.co.uk. April 2003. http://www.bbc.co.uk/cult/buffy/angel/interviews/kartheiser/printpage.html. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 Tim Minear (2004). Commentary for Angel episode "Home" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 24.2 David Fury (2004-03-01). Commentary for Angel episode "The House Always Wins" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 25.2 "TV Guide Article". TV Guide Magazine. 2002. http://www.vincent-kartheiser.org/vincent/articles/807-tv-guide-article. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ 28.0 28.1 Jeffrey Bell (2005-02-15). Commentary for Angel episode Not_Fade_Away" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 29.0 29.1 "Welcome to the Hyperion a 3-Day Event for the Fans of Angel". cityofangel.com. 2004-07-04. http://www.cityofangel.com/behindTheScenes/bts4/hyperionHapps.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 "Brian Lynch talks "Angel: After the Fall"". 2007-11-06. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=11911. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 31.0 31.1 "Angel’ comic drags readers in where popular TV series left off". normantranscript.com. 2007-10-12. http://normantranscript.com/archive/x518748871. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 32.2 Jeffrey Bell (2004). Commentary for Angel episode "The Magic Bullet" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ Joss Whedon (writer and director) (2002-11-10). "Spin the Bottle". Angel. episode 6. season 4. The WB.
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 Terrence O'Hara, Jeffrey Bell (2004). Commentary for Angel episode "Orpheus" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 Steven S. DeKnight (2004). Commentary for Angel episode "Inside Out" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 37.0 37.1 Joss Whedon, Jeffrey Bell, Steven S. DeKnight (2004). "Prophesies: Season Four Overview" Angel DVDs#Season 4 (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ Joss Whedon (2004). Commentary for Angel episode "Spin the Bottle" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 Joss Whedon (2005). "Featurette: To Live & Die in L.A.: The Best of Angel" Angel DVDs#Season 5 (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ "Cult Times Article". Cult Times. 2006. http://www.vincent-kartheiser.org/vincent/articles/795-cult-times-article. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 Brian Lynch (w). Angel: After the Fall v4, 16 (2009-01-21), IDW Publishing
- ↑ "NYCC: Dark Horse Does Vampires Right with "Buffy" & "Angel"". comicbookresources.com. 2011-10-19. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=34982. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ "Tower Exclusive Vampire Angel Figure w/ baby Connor". Amazon.com. http://www.amazon.com/Tower-Exclusive-Vampire-Figure-Connor/dp/B000BOODO4. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- ↑ Gardner, Craig Shaw (2004). Dark Mirror. United States: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-8998-5.
- ↑ Mariotte, Jeff (2004). Love and Death. United States: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-9554-3.
- ↑ Passarella, John (2004). Monolith. United States: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-9235-8.
- ↑ Vern Gillum, Steven DeKnight (2004). Commentary for Angel episode "Apocalypse, Nowish" (DVD (Region 1)). 20th Century Fox.
- ↑ "Angel-This Ain't No Love Song". televisionwithoutpity.com. 2003-04-06. http://www.televisionwithoutpity.com/show/angel/inside_out.php. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 "DVD: ANGEL: SEASON 4 (UK)". creature-corner.com. 2004-03-06. Archived from the original on August 17, 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20040817190032/http://www.creature-corner.com/reviews/angelseason4ukdvd.php3. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 51.0 51.1 "Season 4 Review". cityofangel.com. http://www.cityofangel.com/episodes/reviews/season4review.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "Review of Episode 22, Season 4". cityofangel.com. http://www.cityofangel.com/episodes/reviews/ep4_22.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 53.0 53.1 "THE WATCHER:ANGEL season four review: FAMILY MATTERS". darkworlds.com. September 2004. Archived from the original on July 1, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070701213718/http://www.darkworlds.com/ls/art_15635.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "The Assassination of Cordelia Chase". jennycrusie.com. October 2004. http://www.jennycrusie.com/for-writers/essays/the-assassination-of-cordelia-chase/. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "The Thrill of the Chase". Buffy the Vampire Slayer Magazine incorporating Angel Magazine (92): 83. Feb–March 2007.
- ↑ "Angel - Season 4". moviefreak.com. 2004-09-09. http://www.moviefreak.com/dvd/a/angel_s4.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 57.0 57.1 "Angel - The Complete Fourth Season". underlandonline.com. http://www.underlandonline.com/main/dvds/tv/a/angelvol4.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 58.0 58.1 58.2 Battis, Jes (2005). Blood Relations: Chosen Families in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-2172-X.
- ↑ 59.0 59.1 59.2 Lorrah, Jean (2004). Five Seasons of Angel. Benbella Books. ISBN 1-932100-33-4.
- ↑ "Buffy/Angel Retrospective Part 2.". thescifichristian.com. 2011-07-28. http://thescifichristian.com/2011/07/buffyangel-retrospective-part-2/. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "What bedeviled Angel.". tomatonation.com. 2006-01-09. Archived from the original on January 11, 2006. https://web.archive.org/web/20060111083144/http://tomatonation.com/planb.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "Angel, Season Four – The Milk Chocolate Season". eclipsemagazine.com. 2004-09-21. Archived from the original on December 24, 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20041224043300/http://www.eclipsemagazine.com/modules/news/article.php?storyid=1127&page=0. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "Family Tradition". televisionwithoutpity.com. 2003-05-06. http://www.televisionwithoutpity.com/show/angel/peace_out.php?page=10. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "Angel-Home of Deranged (Writers)". televisionwithoutpity.com. 2003-05-13. http://www.televisionwithoutpity.com/show/angel/home_1.php?page=16. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ 65.0 65.1 ""Angel" Tv Series - Popmatters.com Review". Popmatters.com. http://www.whedon.info/Angel-Tv-Series-Popmatters-com.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- ↑ "Review of Episode 18, Season 5, "Origin"". cityofangel.com. http://www.cityofangel.com/episodes/reviews/ep5_18.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "A Sense of the Ending: Schrödinger's Angel". slayageonline.com. http://slayageonline.com/essays/slayage16/Kaveney.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ "TV Playbook: Let's Add a Kid!". tv.ign.com. 2008-12-10. http://www.televisionwithoutpity.com/show/angel/inside_out.php. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- ↑ Hofstede, David (2004). What Were They Thinking: The 100 Dumbest Events in Television History. Back Stage Books. ISBN 0-8230-8441-8.
- ↑ Brian Lynch (w). Angel: After the Fall 3 (2008-01-14), IDW Publishing
- ↑ 71.0 71.1 Waggoner B, Erin (2010). Sexual rhetoric in the works of Joss Whedon: new essays. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-4750-8.