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Cloak and Dagger 1 (1983)

Cloak and Dagger #1, October, 1983. © Marvel Comics. Art by Rick Leonardi.


Cloak and Dagger (Tyrone "Ty" Johnson & Tandy Bowen) are a fictional comic book superhero duo in the Marvel Comics universe. They were created by writer William "Bill" Mantlo and designed by artist Edward Hannigan.

Publication historyEdit

Template:Expand Cloak and Dagger first appeared in Spectacular Spider-Man #64 (March 1982). Since then, there have been a number of attempts to launch various ongoing Cloak and Dagger series, but none survived past 19 issues due to low sales.[1] The pair did make numerous appearances as guest stars, appearing in a wide variety of titles, such as Runaways. The heroes were a prominent part of the Spider-Man Maximum Carnage story arc (Dagger was killed early in the battle, but reconstituted herself through Cloak). Cloak made a solo appearance in issues of the miniseries House of M, as a member of an underground human resistance movement. It was uncertain if Dagger also existed in the altered reality of House of M as there were no mentions of her during that storyline.

They have appeared in various other Marvel Universes, in one of which Cloak was killed.[2] Dagger also served as a member of Marvel Knights in a short running mini-series.[3]

It has been announced at the '08 San Diego Comic Con that the team will be reappearing once again in their own 5 part mini-series by writer Valerie D'Orazio, pencils by Irene Flores and colors by Emily Warren.[4] [5]

Fictional character biographyEdit

OriginEdit

Tyrone "Ty" Johnson (Cloak) and Tandy Bowen (Dagger) met in New York City as runaways. Tyrone was a 17 year old teenage boy from Boston, Massachusetts with a debilitating stutter. He ran away to New York City when his speech impediment prevents him from stopping a cop from the shooting and killing of his childhood friend. Tandy was a 16 year old teenage girl from a privileged upbringing (born in Shaker Heights, Ohio) who ran away because she thought her multimillionaire supermodel mother was too busy for her daughter with her career and social life. Originally when they met, Tyrone considered stealing Tandy's purse, only to be shamed when she kindly offered him money. A thief stole the purse and Tyrone retrieved it for her. Afterwards they had dinner and became fast friends. When the naïve Tandy accepted an offer of shelter from some strange men, a wary Tyrone went along to protect her. The two teens were soon forcibly delivered to criminal chemist Simon Marshall, who was developing a new synthetic heroin for Silvermane and the Maggia, testing it on runaway teens with fatal results. Johnson and Bowen somehow survived injections of the drug, and they fled. During their escape, the drug turned them into super-powered beings. (It was later revealed that they were both actually mutants, and that the drug had simply awakened their latent abilities.[6]) Tyrone found himself engulfed in darkness and seized by a strange hunger which eased in the presence of Tandy, who was glowing with a brilliant light. Trying to hide his newly shadowy appearance in a makeshift cloak, Tyrone began absorbing Marshall's thugs into his darkness while Tandy struck them down with daggers of light. The two teens dubbed themselves Cloak & Dagger and declared war on drug crime in combating drug-dealers and helping runaway children.Template:Issue For all the work that Cloak and Dagger have done to help reform addicts and topple dealers, they realize that drug abuse is an evil greater than they can ever hope to conquer.

Later it was revealed that during this time, D'Spayre had been the direct cause of all of these events. He had been manipulating things from behind the scenes the entire time.[7]

War of Drugs and other HeroesEdit

Cloak and Dagger became vigilantes and hunted and killed Simon Marshall, and his drug-dealing henchmen responsible for activating their powers. They first encountered Spider-Man during these events.[8] They next murdered Silvermane in revenge, and battled his reanimated cyborg form.[9] They next teamed with Spider-Man to thwart the Punisher's murder attempt on the Kingpin. [10]

NewMutants px300 23

Cloak and Dagger on the cover of New Mutants #23, January 1985. Art by Bill Sienkiewicz.

When their activities became too damaging for the illegal drug trade, some dealers kidnapped members of the New Mutants and tried to control them by injecting them with a drug similar to that which gave the duo their powers. For a time, they lost their powers to the heroes Sunspot and Wolfsbane but they cooperated in retrieving them when it was learned the others were not handling it well. Cloak and Dagger saved them with Spider-Man, but turned down an offer to join the X-Men's School for Gifted Youngsters.[6] Cloak and Dagger battled Silvermane and the Answer. The Kingpin wanted Dagger to help heal his wife, but Dagger refused to help him.[11] Cloak & Dagger befriended the super-powered preteens Power Pack[12] and twice aided the New Mutants, junior trainees of the X-Men.[13] The duo eventually learned they were mutants themselves.Template:Issue Though they tend to target ordinary street criminals, they have faced such diverse foes as Doctor Doom, the Beyonder, Vermin, the Zapper, the Disciplinarian, the Warlord of Kampuchea, Mephisto, Thanos, the Assembly of Evil, Firebrand, and Lightmaster.

Cloak and Dagger encountered the Beyonder during Secret Wars II.[14] They also encountered Mayhem, a police officer who had gained powers from illegal drugs similarly to what had been done to them.[15] They next encountered Doctor Doom in Latveria.[16] Alongside Doctor Strange, they battled Ecstasy.[17] They were used in Nightmare's plot to defeat Doctor Strange.[18] They battled Mister Jip, and Night and Day.[19] They also encountered Power Pack again.[20]

Dagger was later possessed by Night, and battled X-Factor, and lost her sight temporarily.[21] Cloak and Dagger battled Hydro-Man, the second Jester, the Hulk android, Rock, and Fenris alongside the Avengers.[22] Dagger later regained her sight, and helped defeat Mister Jip.[23] Cloak later unknowingly met his sister.[24] Cloak and Dagger later battled D'Spayre, learning that he gave them their Dark Form and Light Form, which had been pieces of his soul, which interfered with their natural mutations.[25] Cloak played a small part in the Infinity Gauntlet saga, and was among the heroes assembled by Adam Warlock to fight Thanos.[26] Cloak was part of the team that attacked Thanos in the Infinity Gauntlet storyline. During the battle, he manages to suck Thanos into the Darkforce Dimension, but is killed as Thanos releases energy from within him (all that is left are pieces of his cloak). His life is restored after most of the events are undone. Not all the heroes remember his involvement, not even Cloak himself, due to cosmic manipulation of time.

Dagger was one of the "seven brides" selected for the serpent god Set in the Atlantis Attacks crossover storyline, the other six being Jean Grey, the Invisible Woman, Andromeda, She-Hulk, Storm, and the Scarlet Witch.Template:Issue

The two tend to live in churches, supported by friends and priests. The pair became romantically involved,Template:Issue though their relationship has had its ups and downs. Cloak has run away many times, not understanding that Dagger is fully willing to use her light power to satisfy his darkness. Cloak & Dagger are devoted to each other, but Dagger often wants more from life. While on an international case, Tandy performed with Eurocirque as Lady Light and shared a romance with supposed FBI agent.Template:Issue Eventually he was exposed as a criminal but ultimately sacrificed himself to save Cloak & Dagger.Template:Issue Tandy found new friends in the New Warriors, who teamed with Cloak, Dagger and other heroes to defeat the shadow-lunatic Darkling.[27] She also joined the team for a brief period.[28]

Maximum CarnageEdit

Cloak and Dagger teamed with Spider-Man, Captain America, Black Cat, Nightwatch, Iron Fist, Deathlok, Morbius and Firestar to halt a murderous super-villain rampage led by serial killer Carnage. Dagger was supposedly killed by Carnage's "wife" Shriek while saving an injured Spider-Man, but was later revealed to be severely wounded and recuperating within Cloak's shroud, and was the key instrument in breaking up the Carnage "family".

Marvel KnightsEdit

Dagger was a member of the now-defunct "Marvel Knights" team, partnering up with many different heroes, including Shang-Chi, Luke Cage, Moon Knight and Daredevil. During her time with the Knights, Dagger developed a deep friendship with Black Widow. A powerless Cloak also appeared, after a brief time in which he had been feeding on the life forms of petty criminals, those who did nothing more than be extremely annoying. Black Widow let Ty and Tandy live in her apartment, which was later attacked by a homicidal Life Model Decoy of Nick Fury. Though at this point he was a normal human, Ty defeated the robot. (It was revealed during the series that Tandy had absorbed Ty's Cloak powers, once Cloak was no longer able to control his hunger and was consuming any and every lawbreaker, no matter how small the offense.)

RunawaysEdit

At one stage, the LAPD recruit them to locate the Runaways. During their initial encounter, Dagger quickly knocked out Nico Minoru with her light and Cloak easily absorbed Chase Stein, Karolina Dean, Alex Wilder, and Nico. Gertrude Yorkes halts Dagger's light attacks with her dinosaur Old Lace (as the light doesn't affect animals) and Molly Hayes manages to pull Cloak's cloak from his body, severing his connection to the Darkforce Dimension. This causes a ceasefire, during which time Gertrude and Molly explain to Cloak and Dagger that the LAPD are actually corrupt and under the control of the Runaway's supervillain parents, the Pride. Cloak manages to reconnect to his cloak and rescue the Runaways he absorbed and he and Dagger both promise to return to New York and bring back the Avengers to stop the Pride and rescue the Runaways. Unfortunately, the traitor in the Runaways (Alex) contacts the LAPD, who has the Pride erase Tandy and Ty's actual memories of the group, thus preventing them from helping the Runaways.[29]

Following the reality warp created by the mad Scarlet Witch, both are unaffected by M-Day.

Cloak later is impersonated by a man, who was using Mutant Growth Hormone to replicate Cloak's powers. The man stalks and attacks Dagger, leaving her hospitalized. After a fight with the New Avengers, Cloak regains his memories and requests the Runaways' assistance in clearing his name, as he was framed for attacking Dagger. He appealed to the fact that they all shared bonds in being runaways and explains the reasons behind why he and Dagger didn't help them. They agreed to help, and successfully helped him apprehend his impostor (a male nurse suffering under the delusion that he and Tandy were in a relationship).[30]

Civil WarEdit

Cloak and Dagger were revealed to be members of Captain America's faction of super heroes who oppose the Superhuman Registration Act during the Civil War story arc.[31]

Cloak was shot by S.H.I.E.L.D. tranquilizers while teleporting Captain America and the rebel faction to a chemical plant where they believed a catastrophic accident had taken place. It turned out to be a trap set by Iron Man, who was there waiting with the pro-registration faction. Dagger was hit with a lightning attack by a clone of Thor.[32]

It is then revealed that the pair were captured during a mission in Queens and jailed in the Negative Zone prison.[33] They are freed by the shapeshifter Hulkling, who was disguised as the pro-registration Hank Pym,[34] which leads to the climactic battle between the two sides, both of which Cloak teleports to Times Square, New York.[35]

Later Captain America surrenders, thus ending the fighting but leaving many other unregistered heroes as fugitives.

Secret InvasionEdit

Luke Cage calls Cloak, who drops the New Avengers at the top of Stark Tower to steal one of Tony Stark's quinjets. When Cage offers to take him with them to find the downed Skrull ship, Cloak refuses, and vanishes.[36]

Powers and abilitiesEdit

CloakEdit

Tyrone acquired D'Spayre's Dark Form, which gave him the ability to create an aperture into the dimension of darkness and to dispatch persons into the darkness dimension. He also gained the abilities of intangibility, and the teleportation of himself and others through the dimension of darkness. Cloak is one of very few Marvel characters with the ability to teleport multiple persons simultaneously. Cloak feels a constant "hunger" which can only be assuaged by "feeding" either on light projected by Dagger or on light consumed from victims dispatched to the dimension of darkness.

DaggerEdit

Tandy has the ability to create psionic "light daggers" which travel wherever she wills them, and which drain living beings of vitality when struck. Her "light daggers" also have the capacity to cure certain persons of drug addictions, and can alleviate Cloak's hunger for light. Her powers do not work on animals.

Cloak and Dagger both have moderate experience at street-fighting, and Dagger's combat techniques utilize her light powers and ballet dance training.

Mutants or MutatesEdit

Cloak and Dagger were considered both latent mutants whose powers were activated when they were injected with an experimental illegal drug in earlier appearances. In later years, they are listed as mutates, as which they are listed in the Civil War: Battle Damage Report. They are, however, generally considered mutates, rather than mutants, as they required external stimuli to acquire their powers, but some mutants, such as Sunfire and Thunderbird, have been in similar circumstances and required external stimuli to awaken their latent powers.

Other versionsEdit

Age of ApocalypseEdit

Cloak and Dagger were members of Sinister's Six, who were brainwashed into fighting the X-Men. They were apparently killed in battle though this has yet to be confirmed.Template:Issue

House of MEdit

Cloak appears as a member of the Underground Human Resistance led by Luke Cage, regarding Cage as a father figure.[37] Dagger does not appear with Cloak.Template:Issue

Marvel Team-Up: League of LosersEdit

Dagger features in an arc of Robert Kirkman's Marvel Team-Up (vol. 3), featuring a group of C-list heroes dubbed "The League of Losers". A group of heroes including Darkhawk, Dagger, Araña, Gravity, X-23, Sleepwalker and Terror (although Araña dies along the way) go to the future to prevent the villain Chronok from stealing Reed Richards' time machine, Chronok having come to the present and already having killed all of Marvel's major heroes.Template:Issue

Marvel ZombiesEdit

In Marvel Zombies vs. The Army of Darkness Cloak and Dagger, both zombified, are seen in a narrow alley devouring a hapless victim.Template:Issue In Ultimate Fantastic Four #23 Cloak is seen as one of the dozens of zombified heroes who have gathered together to hunt down and eat the last four known unaffected people.

Spider-HamEdit

They appear as the duo Croak and Badger, a frog and a badger.[38]

Ultimate Tandy BowenEdit

The Ultimate version of Tandy Bowen has made a cameo in Ultimate Spider-Man[39], running for and eventually succeeding in becoming school president. Ty Johnson has not made an appearance.

In an issue of Ultimate Spider-Man, when Ronin stumbles into a police station to provide evidence against the Kingpin, two women dressed as Cloak and Dagger are both in handcuffs for an unknown offense[40]. It is unknown if these women are the Ultimate Tandy Bowen and the Ultimate Cloak or merely part of a running gag in the Ultimate Spider-Man series in which people are frequently arrested in costumes resembling that of Earth-616 heroes.

Universe XEdit

Ty Johnson is dead, but his cloak is still carried by Dagger. Mar-Vell is given the cloak by Dagger and uses it as a teleportation device and a gateway to the Realm of the Dead.Template:Issue

In other mediaEdit

FilmEdit

Cloak and Dagger were chosen as one of the many properties in Marvel's new film deal with Paramount Pictures, along with Captain America, Nick Fury, Doctor Strange, Avengers, Hawkeye, Power Pack, Shang-Chi, and Black Panther.[41]

Video gamesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Cloak and Dagger limited series #1-4 (October, 1983 — January, 1984)
  • Cloak and Dagger #1-11 (July, 1985 — March, 1987)
  • Strange Tales Vol. 2 #1-19 (April, 1987 — October, 1988)
  • The Mutant Misadventures of Cloak and Dagger (re-titled Cloak and Dagger with #14 onward) #1-19 (October, 1988 — August, 1991)
  • Marvel Graphic Novel #34 (a.k.a. Cloak and Dagger: Predator and Prey) (June, 1988)
  • Power Pack/Cloak and Dagger: Shelter From the Storm graphic novel (1989)
  • "Expressway to Hell" in Strange Tales: Dark Corners - (May 1998)

CreatorsEdit

WritersEdit

  • Bill Mantlo - Cloak and Dagger #1-4 (October 1983-January 1984); Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 2) #1-11 (July 1985-March 1987); Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #1-7 (April 1987-October 1987); "Predator and Prey" in Marvel Graphic Novel #34 (June 1988); Power Pack/Cloak and Dagger: Shelter From the Storm (1989)
  • Terry Austin - Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #8-19 (November 1987-October 1988); The Mutant Misadventures of Cloak and Dagger #1-13 (October 1988-August 1990)
  • Steve Gerber - Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 3) #14-16 (October 1990-February 1991)
  • Terry Kavanagh - Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 3) #16-19 (February 1991-August 1991)
  • Mike Baron - "Expressway to Hell" in Strange Tales: Dark Corners (May 1998)

ArtEdit

  • Rick Leonardi - Cloak and Dagger #1-4 (October 1983-January 1984); Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 2) #1-4, 6 (July 1985-January 1986, May 1986); The Mutant Misadventures of Cloak and Dagger #12-13 (June 1990-August 1990); Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 3) #14-16 (October 1990-February 1991)
  • Terry Shoemaker - Cloak and Dagger #5 (March 1986)
  • Marc Silvestri - Cloak and Dagger #7 (July 1986)
  • Mike Mignola - Cloak and Dagger #8 (September 1986)
  • Art Adams - Cloak and Dagger #9 (November 1986)
  • Bret Blevins - Cloak and Dagger #10 (January 1987); Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #1-6, 8-10 (April 1987-September 1987, November 1987-January 1988)
  • June Brigman - Cloak and Dagger #11 (March 1987); Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #13-14, (April 1988-May 1988)
  • Larry Stroman - Cloak and Dagger #11 (March 1987); "Predator and Prey" in Marvel Graphic Novel #34 (June 1988)
  • Larry Alexander - Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #7 (October 1987)
  • Dan Lawless - Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #11, 15-18 (February 1988, June 1988-September 1988); The Mutant Misadventures of Cloak and Dagger #1-2 (October 1988-December 1988)
  • Whilce Portacio - Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #12 (March 1988)
  • Erik Larsen - Strange Tales (Vol. 2) #19 (October 1988)
  • Sal Velluto - Power Pack/Cloak and Dagger: Shelter From the Storm (1989)
  • Mike Vosburg - The Mutant Misadventures of Cloak and Dagger #3-11 (February 1989-April 1990)
  • Christopher Ivy - Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 3) #17, 19 (April 1991, August 1991)
  • Keith Williams - Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 3) #17 (April 1991)
  • David Ross - Cloak and Dagger (Vol. 3) #18 (June 1991)
  • Alexander Maleev - "Expressway to Hell" in Strange Tales: Dark Corners (May 1998)

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